Existing for more than 1,500 years with the devastation of war and the erosion of time, My Son Holy Land still has it own uniqueness, making the relic mysterious, sacred with its unique features and interesting things that not everyone knows.

Who discovered My Son Sanctuary?

In 1885, My Son Holy Land were discovered by a group of French soldiers. In 1898 – 1899, two researchers of French Telecommunication, L.Finot and L.de Lajonquière, and architect and archaeologist H. Parmentier came to My Son to study epitaphs and the art of architecture and sculpture, carving of the Cham.

My Son Holy Land

Until the years 1903-1904, the most basic documents on My Son inscriptions and architectural art were officially published by L.Finot.

The only evidence of an Asian civilization has disappeared

In December 1999, at the 23rd session of the World Heritage Committee held in Marrakesh (Morocco), My Son Temple Complex was selected by UNESCO as one of the World Cultural Heritages according to “standard 2” as is a prime example of cultural exchange and according to “standard 3” as the only evidence of a vanished Asian civilization.

My Son Holy Land

Place of the Baptism Ceremony of the Champa kings

My Son is the Hindu holy land of the Champa Kingdom. Every king, after ascending the throne, went to My Son to perform a cleansing ceremony, offer offerings, and build a temple.

My Son Holy Land

In addition to its ceremonial function, helping the dynasties reach the Gods, My Son was also the cultural and religious center of the Champa dynasties and the burial place of powerful kings.

The only place that has been continuously renovated for nearly 7 centuries

In the early 7th century, King Sambhuvarman built the temple with very durable materials that still exist today. Subsequent kings repaired old temples and towers and built new temples and towers to offer to their gods.

My Son Holy Land

The god worshiped is BHADRESVARA

The main temples in My Son worship a Linga set or image of the god Siva – the protector of the Champa kings.

My Son Holy Land

The god worshiped in My Son is Bhadresvara – the king who founded the first king line of the Amaravati region at the end of the 4th century, combined with the name Siva, becoming the main religion worshiping the god – king and royal ancestors.

Unique architectural style

My Son Holy Land is a complex of quadrangular temples and towers. Architectural art with great influence from Indian style includes many clusters of towers. Each cluster has a main tower in the middle and many lower sub-towers located around, the tower gate faces the sun – the East. The tower’s roof is structured in many overlapping tower levels, solid on top and hollow on the bottom.

My Son Holy Land

The higher it goes, the smaller it becomes, creating a towering shape. The outside of the towers’ doors are sculptured and decorated with many beautiful patterns carved into each other such as floral motifs, animals, Kala – Makara images, Apsara dancers, musicians… all are very lively and vibrant.

The clusters of towers in My Son are rotated clockwise

According to research, there seems to be a mandatory rule when building Champa temples and towers: no matter where they are, on top of a hill or on flat land, the main door of the temple or tower must face the east – the main direction to catch the morning sun. Because the sun is a symbol of vitality, of the source of life that Siva brings.

map of My Son

However, in My Son Holy Land, there are up to 5 clusters of towers with the main door skewed to the southeast: cluster H; clusters E, F; cluster G; clusters A, A’ and clusters B, C, D.

Source: collected by An

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