Temple of Literature (Van Mieu) was the first university in Vietnam. Today it is a historical-cultural relic that many Vietnamese students come to pray for luck in studying, exams and is also a place that attracts many tourists. If you have the opportunity to travel to Hanoi, should not skip this place, there will be many interesting things to learn and explore. However, because it is a worship area, there are strict regulations, you can refer to the information below before visiting.
About the Temple of Literature
Temple of Literature in Ha Hoi – a place that is probably very familiar to every Vietnamese person. This monument is the pride of the people of the capital and is a heroic testament to the educational cause for a while.
Address Van Mieu Quoc Tu Giam Ha Hoi
Temple of Literature Quoc Tu Giam is located at 58 Quoc Tu Giam Street, in the area of Dong Da district, Hanoi. Its four sides are four main streets: the South is Quoc Tu Giam Street (the main gate), the North is Nguyen Thai Hoc Street, the East is Van Mieu Street and the West is Ton Duc Thang Street.
History of the Temple of Literature
In 1070 (during the regime of Emperor King Le Thanh Tong), Temple of Literature was built to worship Confucius, his followers, and his disciples (Yan Hui, Zengzi, Zisi, Mencius) as well as Duke of Zhou. In 1076, Emperor Le Thanh Tong built Quoc Tu Giam, Vietnam’s first university or Imperial Academy, dedicated to kings and wealthy aristocratic families. In the reign of Emperor Tran Thai Tong, it was renamed the National Academy in 1253, allowing elite children of civilians to study. During the Le dynasty, Emperor Le Thanh Tong ordered to build stone stelae for those who passed the doctoral exam from 1442 onwards. There are still remaining 82 steles until today.
Closing and opening hours of the Temple of Literature
Presently, the Temple has become a famous tourist destination, so it is always open every day, including holidays, New Year to serve the needs of domestic and foreign tourists. However, opening hours are not fixed, may change according to season.
– Opening hours by day: From Monday – Friday: Open from 7:30 to 18:00; Saturday, Sunday open 30 minutes later (8 am) and close later than 3 hours (21 pm).
– Seasonal opening time: In summer (from April 15 to October 15), the Temple opens to welcome guests from 7:30 and closes at 18 pm. Cold season (from October 16 to April 14 of the following year), visitors can visit the Temple of Literature from 8:00 to 18:00.
Does the Temple of Literature in Ha Hoi sell entrance tickets?
Many people wonder if Temple of Literature sells tickets? The answer is yes and the price listed is 30,000 VND/visit, applicable for both foreign and Vietnamese visitors.
The Elderly; people with meritorious services to the revolution and students over 15 years old will receive a 50% discount on tickets. Tickets are free for children under 15 years old and in cases of people with disabilities.
Important notes when visiting:
- Respect monuments, obey the regulations of the relic management units. No harm to artifacts, relic landscape. Do not rub turtlehead, write, draw, stand, sit on doctor’s stele …
- The clothes when coming to the temple should be clean and neat. Don’t wear very short skirts or pants, revealing clothing, or indoor clothing. Do not smoke, wear hats the shrine area, showroom …
- Practice a civilized life in the place of worship: No acts of lack of culture; having the right attitude during the ceremony, each person only lights one incense stick and burning incense at the right place.
- It is strictly forbidden to take advantage of the freedom of belief to perform superstitious activities, gambling, cheating …
- Maintaining hygiene, environmental landscape protection: Do not climb walls, climb trees, break branches, pick flowers, step on the grass, fishing, swimming, and throw trash indiscriminately.
- Do not bring weapons, explosives, flammable substances into the relic.
- Keep the car in the right place, manage the personal belongings to avoid any loss.
- The filming activities at Van Mieu – Quoc Tu Giam can only be conducted with the consent of the leader of the monument.