Kh’leang Pagoda is an ancient pagoda of the Khmer people in the Mekong Delta. The space here is very ancient, tinged with time. The pagoda is also a place for cultural and religious activities of many local people. Therefore, this will be one of the destinations you should not miss when traveling to Soc Trang.
General information about Kh’Leang Pagoda
Kh’Leang Pagoda is located on Ton Duc Thang Street, Group 5, Ward 6, City. Soc Trang. According to documents still stored at the pagoda, in the early 16th century, the King of Chenla, Ang Chan, organized a trip through this remote territory. The king was a devout Buddhist, so when he came to this land and saw no pagoda. Then he had ordered the construction of a pagoda here.
At the result, in 1532, local people contributed to building a Buddhist pagoda, and named it Khléang Pagoda (the name of this land at that time). There is no trace of the first pagoda remains today. The main hall and sala (Buddhist meeting place) today were built of bricks and tiles in the 19th century.
On April 27, 1990, the Ministry of Culture and Information recognized Kh’Leang Pagoda as a National Artistic Architectural Monument.
Classical architecture of the pagoda
The current pagoda architecture such as the main hall and Sala were newly built in 1918. The pagoda has an architecture similar to Theravada Buddhist pagoda in Thailand and Cambodia, decorated with many patterns, motifs, and the brilliant colors. The pagoda grounds have many palm trees and are surrounded by a fence.
The main gate faces East, decorated with elaborate patterns and vibrant colors. On the front of each column is a statue of a Ken naarr dancer with her arms supporting the roof, and on the roof are three small towers.
The architectural complex of Khleang Pagoda includes: the main hall, sala, monk’s house, ash storage towers… arranged harmoniously on high ground. Most of these works in Kh’leang Pagoda are built in the traditional stilt house style of the ancient Khmer people in the Mekong Delta River, each work was sculpted, carved with patterns, exquisite details.
The main hall, with a total area of about 200m2, is located in the center and is divided into three levels, each about 1 meter high and surrounded by a fence.
The main hall’s roof is also built in a three-level format, and each level has 3 folds. The edge of the roof has a dragon statue with a curving body, head spreading out into a fan shape, tail curved up and interacting with other dragon tails.
On the tops of the columns in the corridor surrounding the main hall, there are statues of Krud extending his arms to support.
In addition, around the main hall there are also decorated statues of the god Teahu and Yeak statues.
Inside the main hall, the roof frame is supported by 12 large pillars (circumference of 1.10 m), built in the Greek Corinthien style, covered with glossy black paint and painted with dragons; gorgeous yellow curvy fish shape.
The main hall has a 6.8 m high statue of Shakyamuni Buddha, the 2.7 m high body of the statue was cast in 1916, and on the wall is a fresco depicting the Buddha’s life from birth to enlightenment.
The doors of the main hall are made of wood, engraved with a battle scene between a fairy and a Yeak on a frame decorated with patterns in every detail.
- Best for: solo, student, Buddhists
- Entrance: Free
- Tourist spots nearby: Four Faces pagoda; Bat Pagoda; Chen Kieu Pagoda; Tan Long Stork Garden…
- Many traditional rituals: Chol Chnam Thmay (New Year Ceremony), Sene Dol Ta (Grandparent Worship Ceremony), Ooc – Om – Boc (Moon Worship Ceremony).