Located at 2 Nguyen Binh Khiem, Ben Nghe Ward, District 1, Vietnam History Museum in Ho Chi Minh City was formerly the Blanchard de la Brosse Museum, built by the French in 1927 in the area of the Saigon Zoo and Botanical Gardens and the first museum in South Vietnam.
The front Building was formerly Blanchard de la Brosse Museum, designed by architect named Auguste Delaval in typical Indochinese style. The overall plan consists of the octagonal tower block in the center and symmetric axis for two rows on two sides. The museum expanded its area by adding the U-shaped to the back followed design of architect Nguyen Ba Lang.
On August 26, 1979, the museum was renamed Museum of History – Ho Chi Minh City, later changed it to Vietnam History Museum – Ho Chi Minh City.
Currently, the Museum is introduced to the public through two exhibits with the following contents:
Part 1: includes 15 galleries, introducing artifacts and antiques related to Vietnamese history from the Prehistory to the Nguyen Dynasty
- Room 1: Prehistoric period – The period of Hung Vuong building country.
- Room 2: The first period of founding and struggling for Independence(1st – 10th century).
- Room 3: Ngo – Dinh – Early Le dynasties (939 – 1009).
- Room 4: Ly dynasty (1009 – 1225).
- Room 5: Tran dynasty (1226 – 1407).
- Room 9: Later Le – Mac – Later Le restoration Dynasties (1428 – 1788).
- Room 10: Tay Son dynasty (1771 – 1802).
- Room 12: Nguyen Dynasty (1802 – 1945).
- Room 6: Champa culture
- Room 7: Oc Eo culture
- Room 8: Cambodian stone carvings
- Room 13: Duong Ha collection
- Room 14: Asian ceramics
- Room 15: The mummified body of Xom Cai
- Room 16: Vuong Hong Sen collection
- Room 17: Minority culture from Southern provinces
- Room 18: Buddhist statues of Asian countries.
Not only at the display system, the museum also manages a system of artifacts preservation with many wooden Guanyin statues of Vietnam, various materials such as: terracotta, glazed ceramic, stone, metal, ivory, etc. from the cultural backgrounds of Vietnam and many other countries in Asia and Europe.
In 2012, the History Museum – Ho Chi Minh City was ranked by the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism to be as a national architectural monument. This is one of the best ideal place for who would like to learn and explore a part of the history and culture of Vietnam.
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